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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0797-0048On-line version ISSN 1688-0420

Abstract

SOTO, Enrique; LORENZO, Ana  and  ESTEVES, Elba. Smoking cessation in cardiovascular health. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2018, vol.33, n.3, pp.150-170. ISSN 0797-0048.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29277/cardio.33.3.11.

The World Health Organization has determined that Non- communicable Diseases are one of the greatest challenges of this century as they represent 71% of the deaths that occur in the world. Smoking is considered one of the main modifiable risk factors that affect Non-communicable Diseases. There is ample evidence linking tobacco with cardiovascular diseases, particularly with ischemic heart disease. The guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention of the European Society of Cardiology of 2016, establish as recommendation class I, level of evidence A, the cessation of smoking. The effect of nicotine generates a strong addiction that triggers an abstinence syndrome when trying to quit smoking. Therefore, it is necessary to be familiar with the strategies for the treatment of tobacco addiction that include: minimal intervention, cognitive-behavioral resources and pharmacological treatment such as nicotinic substitution therapy, bupropion and varenicline. So far, there is not enough scientific evidence to recommend electronic devices.

Keywords : Tobacco use disorder; Tobacco use cessation; Cardiovascular health.

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