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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0797-0048On-line version ISSN 1688-0420


BELTRAN, Álvaro; GALAIN, Gustavo  and  POUSO, Marcos. Reclassification of the severity of aortic stenosis obtaining gradients from right parasternal view with Pedof transducer. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2017, vol.32, n.3, pp.258-263. ISSN 0797-0048.

The severity of aortic stenosis (AS) is one of the main issues for the decision of valve replacement. Doppler echocardiography (DE) is the modality of choice for diagnosis and quantification by maximum velocity (MV), medium gradient (MG), and valve area (VA). MV and MG can be obtained from multiple views, but the use of right parasternal (RPS) view is not frequent. Objective: to know the magnitude of reclassification of AS with the use of right parasternal view with blind transducer. Method: patients with moderate or severe AS from any view by DE are prospectively studied. Moderate AS is considered with MV 3-3.9 m/s, MG 20-39 mmHg or VA 1.1-1.5 cm2. Severe AS: MV ³ 4 m/s, MG ³ 40 mm Hg or VA ? 1 cm2. Exclusion criteria: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)<50%, ³ moderate aortic or mitral valve regurgitation, hemoglobin < 11 g/dl. Apical (ÁPEX), right para-sternal (RPS) and subxyfoid views are used with conventional and Pedof transducers. Results: We included 100 patients with age 74.0±12 years, 49% women, LVEF 69.1±8.4%. View with highest gradient: apex 33/100, RPS 48/100, more than one view 19/100; moderate by apex and severe by RPS: 18/33 (54,6%, IC 95% 36,4-71,9; mild by APEX and severe by RPS 3/11 (27.3% IC 95% 6.0-61.0). RPS reclassifies as severe 21 of the 44 evaluated as moderate or mild by ÁPEX (47.7% IC95% 32.5-63.3). Conclusion: RPS obtains the highest gradients in 48% of patients. In non-severe AS by apical, RPS reclassifies as severe one out of two.

Keywords : Aortic valve stenosis; Doppler echocardiography; Transducers.

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