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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0797-0048On-line version ISSN 1688-0420


CONTI, Gerardo et al. Rate of coronary angiography without lesions (“blank”) of elective indication after functional studies. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2017, vol.32, n.2, pp.132-140. ISSN 0797-0048.


although coronary angiography is still the “gold standard” diagnostic of coronary artery disease, a systematic review of its elective indications after noninvasive (functional) tests is needed.


to analyze through functional tests the rate of nonobstructive (“blank”) elective coronary angiography (CA) in patients previously studied through noninvasive (functional) tests.


we performed an observational analytic and cross-sectional study analyzing elective CA performed in 2011-2014 in a nationwide public hemodynamic service. Clinical data indications and results of angiographic interpretation were recorded in the subjects previously studied through noninvasive (functional) tests. Elective indications corresponding to preoperative evaluation of valvular disease, severe systolic dysfunction, ventricular arrhytmias, previous history of angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery were excluded. We defined the absence of significant coronary stenosis as those lesions determining a luminal stenosis <50%.


we analyzed the results of 219 functional tests. The rate of CA without significant coronary stenosis was 35,62%. Male gender (OR=2,22, IC 95%: 1,26-3,92), age >65 years (OR=2,09, IC 95%:1,19-3,69), diabetes (OR=2,94, IC 95%: 1.52-45,65) and a moderate/high risk functional test outcome (OR=22,99, IC 95%: 2,90-181,80) were positively associated with angiographic lesions. In contrast, a normal/low risk functional outcome was associated with the absence of coronary stenosis (OR=0,04, IC 95%: 0,005-0,34). The sample of patients studied through stress-ECHO was not representative (5,02%).


in a nationwide public university center, the rate of “blank” elective coronary angiography after functional tests is similar to large international multicenter studies.

Keywords : coronary angiograhy; ischemia; functional test; university hospital; Uruguay.

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