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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

On-line version ISSN 1688-0420


SANDOYA, Edgardo et al. Current status of arterial hypertension in Maldonado. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2015, vol.30, n.2, pp.169-175. ISSN 1688-0420.

Background and objectives: hypertension is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in Uruguay, and the majority of patients are poorly controlled. In this research the situation of this disease in Maldonado was analyzed. Method: retrospective review of medical records of 960 patients randomly selected (80 per month) from all assisted in an outpatient basis for 12 months in two institutions (public and private) verifying: hypertensive status, blood pressure, hypertension prevalence, antihypertensive indication and controlled hypertension (blood pressure <140/90 mmHg). Results: in 23.0% of cases there were no data to establish the presence or absence of hypertension (35.0% public, private 11.0%, p<0.001) and 64.7% had one or more blood pressure values (45.6% public, private 83.8%, p<0.001). The prevalence of hypertension was 56.2% (72.4% public, private 44.3%, p<0.001), receiving antihypertensive medication 87.4% (84.6% public, private 90.6%, p=0,01) and having controlled hypertension 63.1% (62.8% public, private 63.5%, p=0.48). Time elapsed from the last blood pressure control averaged 20.2 months (26.4 public, private 12.9, p<0.001). Conclusions: there was high prevalence of hypertension among those patients consulting in an outpatient clinic, being higher in patients who are attending the public level. We found the highest reported percentage of antihipertensive medication indicated in the country and also the greatest controlled blood pressure. However, it is needed to increase the frequency of blood pressure measurement as well as to improve the quality of records, particularly at the public level, to provide better care to patients with this common condition


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