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Revista Uruguaya de Cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 1688-0420

Resumen

SCHETTINI, CARLOS et al. Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en una población adulta. Rev.Urug.Cardiol. [online]. 2004, vol.19, n.1, pp.19-28. ISSN 1688-0420.

SUMMARY Objective: to determine prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in an adult population and its association with varying lifestyles. Methods: prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was estimated following the National Cholesterol Education Program (ATP III), United States, among 1 411 adult users of a health-center since 1995. Age and sexe adjustments were done according to the Uruguayan population. Results: unadjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 27,7% and adjusted prevalence was 19,7%. Adjusted prevalence among men was 23,1%, among women, 18,1%. Obesity and overweight were seen in 93% of the metabolic syndrome carriers. Regular physical activity was practiced by 25%. Prevalence according to educational level was 35,9%, 30,6% y 17,9% (p<0,0001) among those with 6 years, 6 to 12 and >12 years of education. Prevalence among active adults was 25,2%, while among retired and unemployed people, 32,3% and 30,0% respectively (p=0,02). Conclusions: prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was high among the studied population, particularly among men. Sedentarism, overweight and obesity are particularly prevalent among metabolic syndrome carriers. Carriers of metabolic syndrome should be identify in order to optimize their lifestyles and consequently to prevent coronary disease.

Palabras clave : PREVALENCE; METABOLIC DISEASES; EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES.

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