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Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión impresa ISSN 0303-3295versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390


ACTIS, Andrea Mariel. Bioethical considerations in the use of artificial intelligence in mastology. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2021, vol.37, n.4, e502.  Epub 01-Dic-2021. ISSN 0303-3295.

Mammographic screening has helped to identify breast cancer in its earliest stages, when treatment is most effective. The use of Artificial Intelligence in the analysis of mammograms has proved to be able to excel the human eye in detecting lesions in the breast that may be suspicious for cancer. The objective of this study is to make a reflective contribution on the advancement of digital technology and in particular, Artificial Intelligence in mammographic screening, from the technical and bioethical points of view. Advantages and limitations of Artificial Intelligence are analyzed explaining how machine learning occurs. A bioethical debate is proposed on issues such as privacy, credibility, accountability and continuous education. The importance of establishing channels of dialogue between all stakeholders in the incorporation of new technologies in medicine is highlighted.

Palabras clave : Breast neoplasms; Mammographic screening; Big Data; Bioethics; Artificial intelligence; Confidentiality; Privacy.

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