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Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión impresa ISSN 0303-3295versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390

Resumen

GIORDANO, Álvaro et al. Recommendations by the Uruguayan Society of Intensive Care on the Covid-19 pandemic. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2021, vol.37, n.1, e501.  Epub 01-Mar-2021. ISSN 0303-3295.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29193/rmu.37.1.10.

Introduction:

the pandemic caused by SARS-CoV2 constitutes a significant challenge for the health system, and especially for Critical Care Units, so we need to prepare in many aspects. Likewise, we need to consider there could be an extraordinary demand for beds in critical care units, what would lead to an imbalance between clinical needs and the effective availability of health resources.

Objectives:

the study aims to perform a bioethical analysis that could provide guidelines for the assistance of patients in critical care.

Specific objectives: 1) to analyse the main bioethical principles in this context, 2) to support clinicians in the making of difficult decisions, 3) to make the resource allocation criteria specific, 4) to define action lines upon a potential “health’s disastrous” scenario

Method:

the Uruguayan Society of Intensive Care has generated a space for collective work based on discussion processes. Documents include a bibliographic review and the existing protocols.

Results:

the study presents a theoretical analysis that is backed up by the bioethical principles involved in the pandemic context on the scenarios of demand for assistance and, by the arguments calling for a change in the ethical criteria upon the saturation of the health system.

Conclusion:

practical recommendations are made: 1) for the making of decisions about admission and discharge in a controlled demand. 2) to define action criteria upon an increase in demand, clearly defining the different scenarios, 3) to apply upon the saturation of the health system.

Palabras clave : Pandemic; Covid-19; Bioethics; Critical care.

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