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Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión impresa ISSN 0303-3295versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390

Resumen

DENDI, Álvaro et al. Arbovirus in Uruguay, a potential problem. Review from a perinatal perspective. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2021, vol.37, n.1, e402.  Epub 01-Mar-2021. ISSN 0303-3295.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29193/rmu.37.1.8.

Arbovirus are microorganisms transmitted to humans through arthropods. There are more than 100 different arboviruses with a common clinical presentation of fever, articular, hemorrhagic and neurological symptoms1. They represent a mayor risk to pregnant women and fetuses due to their teratogenic effect, particularly affecting the central nervous system. We performed a specific search focused on arbovirus using search engines Pubmed and Google Scholar and we classified evidence according to the risk of a certain virus entering our country and its potential consequences. The objective of this review is to update the main clinical characteristics of arbovirus, particularly Dengue, Zika, Chikungunya and Yellow Fever particularly due to the potential introduction of these viruses in our country and the possibility of vertical transmission, so that our human resources have a guide on how to approach these patients nowadays. This review allowed us to conclude on common characteristics of these viruses, their possible consequences on fetus and newborns, and concluding on the difficulty of etiological diagnosis due to cross reactions.

Palabras clave : Arbovirus; Dengue; Zika virus; Yellow fever; Congenital abnormalities; Newborn.

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