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Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión impresa ISSN 0303-3295versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390

Resumen

LEYES, Laureano; PORCIRES, Fausto; GODINO, Mario  y  BARBATO, Marcelo. Study of the impact of safety issues and adverse events in the intensive care unit. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2020, vol.36, n.3, pp.9-30.  Epub 01-Sep-2020. ISSN 0303-3295.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29193/rmu.36.3.1.

Introduction:

critically ill patients are extremely vulnerable to iatrogenia. Adverse events (AEs) contribute to the morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients and therefore detection and prevention are of the essence.

Objectives:

to study the impact of AEs selected from an intensive care unit and the resulting harm. To set the bases to create a system for the notification of adverse events.

Method:

prospective study of impact using two methods: voluntary report and auditing of medical records.

Results:

174 patients were included in the study. 107 adverse events were identified in 35% of patients. The most prevalent issues were probe and catheter exit-site (42%) and those related to high-risk drugs (12.8%). Age (p=0.046), length of stay in the ICU (p=0.001) and need of sedoanalgesia (p=0.039) were independently associated to the presence of adverse events. 76.6% of the events resulted in harm, although they were not associated to higher mortality (p=0.96).

Conclusions:

AEs are highly frequent in the intensive care unit. Probe and catheter exit-sites are the most prevalent source. Also, adverse events are related to the need for mechanical ventilation, sedoanalgesia and length of stay in the intensive care unit. Voluntary reporting is a useful tool to identify adverse events.

Palabras clave : Patient safety; Intensive care units; Adverse event; Patient harm.

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