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Revista Médica del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0303-3295On-line version ISSN 1688-0390


CHINELLI, Javier  and  RODRIGUEZ, Gustavo. Laparoscopic simulation in the training of a general surgeon. Review and initial experience. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.4, pp.120-141. ISSN 0303-3295.

Simulation arises as a fundamental tool within the paradigm shift in the current teaching of surgery. It is based on modern educational theories, patient safety and, in the case of laparoscopy the inherent difficulties of the technique. The main objective is to transfer the training in motor skills outside the operating room, to the simulation laboratory. For this purpose, there are several simulation models, like box trainers -among others- , which despite its low fidelity, adds several advantages in relation to its cost, availability and reuse. This study presents a descriptive review of the subject, including the different models and training methods, evaluation strategies, as well as our initial experience in the Surgical Clinic 2 of the Maciel Hospital.

Keywords : Simulation training; Education, medical; Clinical competence; General surgery; Laparoscopy.

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