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Revista Médica del Uruguay

Print version ISSN 0303-3295On-line version ISSN 1688-0390

Abstract

GONI, Mabel; DANZA, Álvaro; URGOITI, Mariana  and  DURANTE, Eduardo. Correlación entre clima educativo y síndrome de burnout en practicantes internos de la carrera de Doctor en Medicina de Uruguay. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.272-281. ISSN 0303-3295.

Abstract Introduction: unfavourable educational environments result in stressed medical students and doctors while they receive training. Both groups usually evidence cases of burn-out syndrome. This study aims to assess the correlation between the educational environment and the burn-out syndrome in a medical students' cohort who were attending the mandatory annual rotating internship during 2013 at the School of Medicine of the Republic of Uruguay. Method: one hundred and forty five medical interns were assessed through a questionnaire they were asked to answer (PHEEM), which measured the educational environments and BMI, which measure burn-out. Also, the age was recorded, as well as the area of specialization, sex and the effects of sharing a space to live. Results: 14,7% of medical interns evidenced burn- out syndrome. Average was 105.2 for the educational environment. The group with burn-out syndrome averaged 92.3 and the group without burn-out syndrome averaged 107.6. The difference between both averages was statistically significant (p = 0,04). A negative correlation was demonstrated between educational environment and emotional exhaustion and loss of personalization, and a positive one with self-realization. Correlations between autonomy and emotional exhaustion (r = 0,45) and social support and emotional exhaustion (r = -0,48) were significant and represented similar figures. Conclusions: there is significant correlation between the educational environments and burn-out syndrome in medical students during their mandatory residence programs. The group with burn-out syndrome noticed a worse educational environment, which suggests that the deterioration of the latter favored the onset of the syndrome. Measuring the educational context may contribute to improving the quality of medical training.

Keywords : PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT; MEDICAL STUDENTS INTERNSHIP AND RESIDENCY.

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