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Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390

Resumen

SCASSO, Juan Carlos et al. Rol de la laparoscopía en los cuadros agudos de abdomen inferior en la mujer: revisión últimos 10 años, Servicio de Ginecología del Hospital Británico. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.2, pp.82-87. ISSN 1688-0390.

Summary Introduction: acute lower abdominal episodes in women are the most frequent cause of consultation at the emergency room. The role of laparoscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool, especially in women, has been well established. It allows for valid diagnosis in all cases since it enables the visualization of the entire abdominal cavity by means of a minimally invasive approach, it avoids diagnostic delays and its resulting complications in the evolution. Objective: to describe, analyze and communicate the casuistics of laparoscopic surgery for acute lower abdominal episodes at the British Hospital's Gynecology Department in the last ten years. We analyzed the following variables: age of consultation, nosological findings indication, resolution and complications. Results: maximum prevalence of acute abdominal episodes was between 30 and 35 years of age; the most frequent of which were cases of ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts, followed by adnexal torsions. Laparoscopic resolution could be performed in 93% of pathological pelvicoscopies. Only 7% of patients required laparothomic approach, the main indication of which was ovarian tube abscess.

Palabras clave : ABDOMEN, ACUTE [diagnosis]; ABDOMEN, ACUTE [surgery]; LAPAROSCOPY.

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