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Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390

Resumen

BERNADA, Mercedes et al. Accidentes en la infancia: prevalencia, características y morbilidad determinada por los accidentes en una población de Uruguay. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.4, pp.224-237. ISSN 1688-0390.

Summary Introduction: accidents constitute an important health problem within the global context. In Uruguay, they represent the first cause of death in children between 1 and 14 years old. Objetives: to learn about the prevalence of consultations for accidents, main characteristics and morbidity in the acute stage, in children assisted in private and public health centers in Montevideo, Salto and Paysandú. Method: we conducted an observational study from September 1 through 30, 2008. Children between 0 and 14 years old who consulted for accidents in certain emergency services were included in the study. We recorded: age, sex, place where it occurred (intradomicile or extradomicile), type, lesion topography, treatment required, hospitalization sector, dismissal from hospital or death. Results: 29.216 pediatrics consultations took place, accident prevalence was 7.8% . Median age was 6 years old (varying from 22 days to 14 years old), 60% were boys. The most frequent kind of accident was falls, followed by: cuts and puncture wounds, or both, trauma or unknown mechanism of injury, burns, sports trauma, bites, car accidents and poisoning. Car accidents and poisoning caused the most serious lesions. 3.6% required hospitalization. Four children were admitted to the intensive care unit, and two to the intermediate care unit. No patients died. Conclusions: we need to encourage and sustained involvement from many sectors to avoid children lesions and death caused by accidents.

Palabras clave : ACCIDENTS [epidemiology]; CHILD; PREVALENCE.

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