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Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390


GRILLE, Pedro; OLANO, Estela; BERTULLO, Hugo  y  BAGNULO, Homero. Estudio sobre diarrea en una unidad de cuidados intensivos quirúrgica. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.2, pp.136-142. ISSN 1688-0390.

Summary Background. Diarrhea often causes difficulties in patients under critical conditions. The incidence of the most common diarrhea, the non-hemorrhagic gastrointestinal complication, is relatively high and its adverse effects are particularly important for the course of the disease. Objective. To analyze the impact and determining factors of diarrhea in a intensive care unit (UCI) surgically-framed. Methods. Seventy-eight patients admitted in the UCI for at least 48 hours were analyzed in a prospective study. Diarrhea is defined as watery stools occurring at least three times in one day. Bacterial tests in samples of blood, stool and urine were done. ELISA and agglutination tests were used to determine Clostridium difficile (CD) A toxin in stool. Results. Thirty-two patients out of the analyzed 78 patients (41%) developed diarrhea of a mean duration of 6 + 4 days. Diarrhea was associated with severity on admission (SAPS II = 30) and stay-in at UCI longer than 15 days (p=0,02 y p=0,04 respectively), as well as sepsis (p=0,01). An association with positive uroculture was also found (p=0,01). CD C citotoxin was found in 26% of the studied patients. Conclusions. Diarrhea is a common event in the UCI, its incidence is 41%. Severity on admission and lasting of stay-in were associated with diarrhea. Sepsis was also associated with it, that might indicate the intestine as a target of multiple organic failure. CD is relatively frequent in the UCI, it sometimes appears as a microepidemic.

Palabras clave : Diarrea; Cuidados Críticos; Factores de Riesgo; Clostridium difficile.

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