SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.21 número1Serotipos, perfil plasmídico y antibiotipos de cepas de Shigella flexneri aisladas de niños menores de 5 años con diarrea sanguinolenta usuarios de los servicios de Salud PúblicaEstudio prospectivo de un grupo de niños con talla baja o disminución de la velocidad de crecimiento, o ambas índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Revista Médica del Uruguay

versión On-line ISSN 1688-0390

Resumen

MUINO, Adriana; LOPEZ VARELA, María Victoria  y  MENEZES, Ana María. Prevalencia de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica y sus principales factores de riesgo: proyecto platino en Montevideo. Rev. Méd. Urug. [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.1, pp.37-48. ISSN 1688-0390.

Summary Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the major cause of mortality in developed countries. Epidemiologic data from Latin America are scant. PLATINO (Proyecto Latinoamericano de Investigación en Obstrucción Pulmonar) is a multi-center study aimed at measuring COPD prevalence in five major cities in Latin America, describing risk factors and respiratory symptoms, assessing sensitivity and specificity symptomatology to correlate prior medical and functional diagnosis of COPD. The sample was obtained following different stages, clustered in categories in order to analyse a population-based sample of approximately 1,000 individuals aged 40 years or older of the metropolitan area of Montevideo. Out of 1140 elegible individuals, 943 completed standardized questionnaires and 885 post-bronchodilator spirometries were submitted. Prevalence of OPCD according to functional criteria was: VEF1/CVF <70%: 19,7%. According to Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease(GOLD) definition (VEF1/CVF <70% and VEF1<80% predict) was 7,8% because severity level is also quantified (stage II). Smoking was present in 28% of requested. They reached 47% more COPD than non-smokers; this finding was 78% higher in smokers with an index of box/year > 10. Low sensitivity and specificity of respiratory symptoms and diagnose of this disease might promote early detection of limited air by spirometry in order to indicate appropiate therapeutic steps

Palabras clave : NEUMOPATÍAS OBSTRUCTIVAS [epidemiología]; NEUMOPATÍAS OBSTRUCTIVAS [diagnóstico]; TABAQUISMO [efectos adversos]; FACTORES DE RIESGO.

        · resumen en Español | Francés     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons