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Revista de Ciencias Sociales

Print version ISSN 0797-5538On-line version ISSN 1688-4981

Abstract

BAUMEISTER, Eduardo. Labor insertion in Costa Rican agriculture. The case of the Nicaraguans. Rev. Cien. Soc. [online]. 2021, vol.34, n.49, pp.139-173.  Epub Dec 01, 2021. ISSN 0797-5538.  http://dx.doi.org/10.26489/rvs.v34i49.6.

Since 1980, the agriculture of Costa Rica underwent changes that expanded agro-exports. In parallel, tourism and other non-agricultural activities spread. In Nicaragua, agricultural export activities declined and, therefore, the demand for labor. Beginning the nineties, Nicaraguan migrations to Costa Rica expanded, creating a South-South model of articulation, very different from the rest of Central America, focused on migrating to the United States. Agricultural wages in Costa Rica are higher than in Nicaragua; however, an important part of Nicaraguans work informally, with lower wages than Costa Ricans, and in conditions of multidimensional poverty.

Keywords : South-South labour migration; condition of agricultural workers; social consequences of international emigration.

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